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The information provided by this kind of research aims to record accumulation of knowledge on plants which are used as food by native people of Karlıova (Eastern Anatolia - Turkey). Study area was located on the east of Anatolian diagonal, in the Eastern Anatolia Region. Field study was carried out over a period of approximately 4 yrs (2013-2016). In this study, a total of 53 wild food plant taxa belonging to 25 families were established and also plant parts used, ethnobotanic data related to local names, traditional use were recorded. Family Rosaceae is represented by the highest number of taxa (10), followed by Apiaceae (6 plants), Lamiaceae (6 plants), Liliaceae (6 plants), Polygonaceae (6 plants). The study showed that the plants used are either eaten raw, cooked vegetable dish; added into pie and cakes, as herbal tea, as spice, jam is made, leaves eaten in salads, used as stuffing leaves from fresh leaves etc. This study reveals that the rural populations in Eastern Anatolia have a rich knowledge of forest-based natural resources and consumption of wild food plants is still part of their socio-cultural life.
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